Liver Infections — Hepatitis A & B
The liver is one of the five vital organs that is essential for human life. The liver performs various important functions related to digestion and metabolism. Furthermore it is the only organ that can regenerate on a regular basis. However, permanent liver damage can lead to serious complications. And includes high risk of mortality.
Viral infection of the liver is a contagious disease. Infections of the liver are self-limiting in general. However, in some cases it may cause liver damage and serious complications. This is a common disease and awareness will help to reduce it.
Hepatitis is the scientific term for commonly occurring liver disease. It means inflammation or swelling of the liver. The result is damage to the liver functions. The damage is usually short term. But some like Hepatitis B can cause long-term damage to the liver.
Hepatitis virus transmits in humans in two ways. They are waterborne and blood-borne. There are different types of the hepatitis virus, which cause infection.
Types of Hepatitis Virus
Hepatitis A -This is commonly known as jaundice. Spread occurs through food or water contaminated with the feces of an infectious person. Consequently it is common in areas with low hygienic standards. Also it spreads easily in places with poor quality of drinking water supply.
Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) — Infection spreads via contact through blood or fluids of an infectious person. Again it is contagious.